Excuses that Permit one not to Fast

The Basics of Fasting – Excuses that Permit one not to Fast

The Basics of Fasting – Excuses that Permit one not to Fast

Excuses that Permit one not to Fast

The Basics of Fasting according to the Shafi’i School

(An abridged and edited version of a pamphlet written in Arabic by Shaykh Amjad Rasheed.)

  1. The Ruling of Fasting Ramadan
  2. Integrals
  3. Recommended Measures
  4. Excuses that permit one not to fast
  5. Making up Missed Fasts
  6. Payment
  7. Expiation

 

Allah is praised, Lord of the Worlds.  Blessings and peace on our master Muhammad and his folk and companions, one and all.

 

The following rulings about the fast should be known, applied, and taught to one’s family and whoever does not know them.

 

  1. The Ruling of Fasting Ramadan

 

Fasting Ramadan is personally obligatory for every Muslim who has reached puberty is sane and can fast.  It is not obligatory for a non-Muslim, a child, an insane person, or someone unable to fast (such as someone of advanced years or someone who is continuously [muzmin] sick).

 

  1. Integrals of the fast

 

Fasting has only two integrals: (1) the intention and (2) abstention from the nullifiers of the fast.

  1. Recommended Measures while Fasting

Excuses that Permit one not to Fast

Excuses that Permit one not to Fast

  1. Sickness during which fasting causes extreme hardship (meaning that one fears a worsening of the sickness, loss of limb, or loss of life).  If one begins the day fasting and then later becomes sick in the manner described above, it is permissible for one to break the fast.
  2. A long trip(81 km. or more), provided one begins traveling before dawn.  If one travels after dawn, one is not excused from fasting unless one experiences extreme hardship such as extreme hunger or thirst.
  3. Pregnancy or nursing is when the woman fears for herself or her child.  Note that mere pregnancy without any legitimate fear of harm for herself or her child does not excuse her from fasting.
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